Socrates (470-399 B.C.) – a renowned Greek philosopher from Athens who taught Plato, and Plato taught Aristotle and Aristotle taught Alexander the Great. Socrates used a method of teaching by asking leading questions. The Greeks called this form dialectic – starting from a thesis or question, then discussing ideas and moving back and forth between points of view to determine how well ideas stand up to critical review with the ultimate principle of the dialogue being Veritas – Truth.
John Maynard Keynes
Karl Marx/Freidrich Engels
Socrates: We are gathered here today at this Symposium to discuss the battle of ideas. What is the difference between ideas that uplifts society and those that damn society? We will discuss 10 famous writers and their most influential books and how these books have either elevated society to ascend the steps of Parnassus or condemned society into the pit of Tartarus.
We will begin in reverse order with the 10 books, which over the past 200 years have collectively caused the damnation of modern society.